The Judiciary

The Judiciary is the legal branch of the criminal justice system. It judges both those accused of crimes and the laws themselves. In some countries, the judiciary is subservient to the ruling authorities, but most employ the U.S. model.

In the United States, the Judicial Branch of government is Constitutionally co-equal to the other branches of government. In the field of criminal justice, it serves both to mete out punishments and to rule on the legitimacy of laws passed. Thus, no discussion of criminal justice is complete without including the role of the Judiciary.

"All the rights secured to the citizens under the Constitution are worth nothing, and a mere bubble, except guaranteed to them by an independent and virtuous Judiciary."

- Andrew Jackson

Law

Central to the judiciary is Law. Indeed, any trip to the local courthouse will reveal a murder of lawyers, moving in and out, shuffling between the court room and their law offices, which are often quite near. Many older courthouses are situated within the old town square. Surrounding this square will be the highest concentration of law practices anywhere in the city.

And while this may make it appear that the judiciary is central to it all, in fact the judiciary is founded on law. The laws of a jurisdiction determine the kind of court needed, be it local, county, state or federal. Thus, Law is central to the judiciary, not the other way around. And since the courts are responsible for both civil and criminal cases, law is central to criminal justice.

This this section, we will examine the role of law as it relates to the judiciary and the implementation of justice.

Operations

courtroom-898931_1920

Coming soon

Judicial Agencies

Without courts, the judiciary, law enforcement efforts fail. In the United States, judicial agencies control all civil, criminal and appeals processes. Here we explore the various agencies the their roles in serving the demands of justice.

Agencies

moultrie-courthouse-2705002_1920

Coming soon

Judicial History

The history of the modern judiciary includes a vast array of courts from so-called Kangaroo courts to careful attempts to apply justice. Here we explore the various attempts humans have made to create a just experience for all.

Public Relations

partnership-526413_1920

Coming soon

Future Courts

What does the future hold for the judiciary? Political and social changes affect how courts function. Each year brings changes whether by necessity or thanks to technological or social changes. What kind of changes can be expected?

Prosecutors

right-4926156_1920

Coming soon

Issues

Although the modern judiciary is perhaps the best it has ever been in history, it is not without issues. Some of these include best use of Drug Courts, Jury Nullification and Victim's Rights. Here we explore the issues making an impact on the modern courts system.

Judges

office-2820890_1920

Coming soon

Judicial Technology

Technology changes every industry to some extent and the courts are no different. Everything from the inclusion of cameras into courtrooms to metal scanners at the points of entry are technologies which alter the judiciary. Here we explore technologies which may impact the court system.

Defense Attorneys

door-sign-469588_1920

Coming soon

Judicial Careers

The modern court system is complex. As an adversarial concept, careers in the judiciary range from defense roles to prosecutorial to neutral. Everything from lawyers to judges to clerks and law enforcement offices are needed to keep the system running smoothly.

Do Presses or Due Process

By cjoakes | March 26, 2020

By C J Oakes One of the best known rights enumerated in the United States’ Constitution is the Fifth Amendment right to remain silent.  Not as well-known are the origins of this portion of the so-called Due Process clause. In fact, most of the provisions known as Due Process stemmed from injustices experienced under English rule; the founders of this […]

Rights and Responsibilities

By cjoakes | March 26, 2020

By C J Oakes The primary function of the United States Supreme Court is to determine whether laws, law enforcement, other such entities, or citizens violate the Constitution.  This panel of experienced judges sits bi-annually to hear cases from the nation (Lippman, 2010) and in recent years, many of these cases have dealt blows to […]

Criminal Procedure and the Bill of Rights

By cjoakes | March 26, 2020

By C J Oakes Reasoning on Rights The 10th Amendment reads, “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.” Because once the collection of rights were ratified, these would be encompassed into the body of the document, […]

Resources

In these pages we will be providing a growing list of resources of interest to both students and professionals of criminal justice and the laws governing it. Because the list of possible resources constantly grows, this section will never be "complete." Rather, it will continually grow as more agencies and organizations form.

Judiciary Enforcement Links

We know we do not have all the answers...at least not yet. To better help our readers, we provide what we believe to be the most useful links to agencies tasked with enforcement of the judiciary. Some work with the judcial entities while others, known as watchdog groups, investigate cases of wrongdoing within the courts.

Read more
munich-3385958_1920

Appeals

Text

Spanish Language Law Books

Research

Text

Victims

Text

Business of Law

Text

supreme-court-546279_1920

Oversight

Text

Federal

Text

State

Text

County

Text

Local

Text

Delivering Justice/The Courts

Text

Prosecution

Text

Judges

Text

Witnesses

Text

Criminal Trials

Text

Frequently Asked Questions

Defense

Text

Juries

Text

Evidence

Text

Civil Suits

Text

Would You Like to Help CJLaw International?

Many of our readers have expressed a desire to help out. Some help with editorials, some with reference pages, others with monetary contributions. If you would like to help out in any way, your assistance is most appreciated.

About CJLaw Intl

The purpose of Criminal Justice Law International is to explore issues of importance to Criminal Justice and Law students worldwide while providing tools and resources to enhance education.

Justice is NOT just an American concept.

Justice, social justice, and criminal justice impact everyone on the planet. As the world becomes more globalized, more interconnected via technology and transportation, a need arises to alter the old ways of approaching criminals and crime control.

We hope to be a positive influence on these changes. Learn more About CJLaw Intl.

Categories

Calendar

March 2021
M T W T F S S
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
293031